These early blocks were usually cast by hand, and the average output was about 10 blocks per person per hour. Since the first concrete masonry units were constructed in 1882 they have grown as a desirable building material due to their versatility, economics, energy efficiency, and fire and wind resistance.
Since they are more expensive than their hollow counterparts, the cost of using them would always need to be weighed when considering whether they are the best solution for any project.
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Concrete masonry units are now produced in many sizes and shapes with various face finishes and glazes offering a wide variety of colors and texture to add interest to any finished building.
Losses due to fire damage in structures built with concrete block are far less than in those built with other building materials. A concrete block is one of several precast concrete products used in construction. A typical cinder block weighs 26-33 lb (11.8-15.0 kg). Lightweight concrete blocks are made by replacing the sand and gravel with expanded clay, shale, or slate. Expanded blast furnace slag, as well as natural volcanic materials such as pumice and scoria, are also used to make lightweight blocks. The glazes are usually made with a thermosetting resinous binder, silica sand, and color pigments. Once delivered, they are much easier to lift into place than their solid counterparts. It’s important to use the right type of block for the job at hand. Other features, such as radiused corners known as “bullnoses” may be incorporated. Blocks may be scored by grooves the width of a mortar joint to simulate different block modules. If the problem persists, let us know. All custom colors and styles of concrete block are run on a per job basis and are available with a four to six week lead time.
Bricks are printed concrete masonry units that double as vessels for growing plants and vegetation. Blocks can be used at and below grade. This product can be used at or below grade and meets the standard for loadbearing concrete masonry units. It can be used for interior and exterior façades and makes a striking accent band or stripe when used in conjunction with other finishes.
As the name implies, the textured finish is rough in appearance, while the terrazzo finish is polished flat. The textured finish can be used for exterior and interior applications. Other sizes are available on request.
Architectural Concrete Units
This product is available in several attractive standard colors, and custom colors are available on request. Some plants are capable of producing 2, 000 or more blocks per hour. The portland cement is stored outside in large vertical silos to protect it from moisture. As a production run starts, the required amounts of sand, gravel, and cement are transferred by gravity or by mechanical means to a weigh batcher which measures the proper amounts of each material.
The dry materials then flow into a stationary mixer where they are blended together for several minutes. From the hopper the concrete is conveyed to another hopper on top of the block machine at a measured flow rate. The molds consist of an outer mold box containing several mold liners. As many as 15 blocks may be molded at one time. In some operations the blocks then pass under a rotating brush which removes loose material from the top of the blocks. When a rack is full, it is rolled onto a set of rails and moved into a curing kiln. The kiln is an enclosed room with the capacity to hold several racks of blocks at a time. After soaking, the blocks are dried by exhausting the moist air and further raising the temperature in the kiln. The blocks are allowed to soak for five to 10 hours. The autoclave curing process requires more energy and a more expensive kiln, but it can produce blocks in less time. This causes the double block to fracture and form a rough, stone-like texture on one face of each piece. The blocks pass through a cuber which aligns each block and then stacks them into a cube three blocks across by six blocks deep by three or four blocks high.
As the blocks emerge from the block machine, their height may be checked with laser beam sensors. I hope the information would be continuously updated from time to time. Could you please inform me if there is any manufacturer that is making the machinery for classical rock face blocks?
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Interested in making a design statement? Dulux Texture Fine Cover can be applied with either a conventional paint roller for a fine …